Church In A Brewery Week 2 Discussion Questions:

  1.  Does the first-cause of the universe have to be eternal?

2.  What do you think the most plausible first-cause might be?  Matter, the universe itself, or an intelligent creator?

3.  Do you think science and faith in a creator God are compatible?

Recap:  Below is a very brief recap of our week 2 discussion.
We’re all looking for an eternal “first cause” of our universe regardless of what we believe.

Common views of the “first cause” of our universe:
1. The universe is eternal
2.  Matter, energy and time are eternal
3.  An intelligent, eternal God created the universe

List of evidence that the universe had a beginning (the Big Bang):

  1.  Law of Red Shifts; Edwin Hubble observed distant galaxies moving away from each other.  If we were to rewind time, these galaxies would eventually converge into a single point at the beginning of time.
  2. The abundance of Hydrogen in the atmosphere left over from an explosion, thought to be the Big Bang.  Scientists have used dissipation rates to estimate when this explosion may have taken place.
  3. Cosmic Background Radiation (discovered in 1964 by Bell Telephone Laboratories).  A large antenna picked up cosmic background radiation thought to be leftover from the explosion known as the Big Bang.
  4. Evidence from the laws of Physics:  The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics.
    1. If you were to spin a top, eventually it would run out of energy and collapse.  The only way to get it to spin again is if an outside force picked up the top and spun it again.  The same is true for our universe.  It is slowly running out of energy.  The question is, if our universe is like a top, who initially “spun” the top?
    2. The Law of Entropy says things in our universe become more and more disorderly over time.  Things cannot “organize” themselves without an “organizer.”  If our universe is becoming more and more disorganized, who “organized” it to begin with?
    3. Our universe is slowly running out of energy (example: heat).  The universe is becoming colder and more spread out as it expands.  If you were to take a blowtorch and heat up a piece of metal, it would glow red.  If you took the blow torch away though, the piece of metal would eventually cool.  Our universe started off with an enormous amount of heat during the explosion called the Big Bang.  What was the “blow torch” heating up our universe?  What was that source of heat at the beginning of time?

Further reading:  A few recommended sites discussing faith and science – A website dedicated to discussing space, science and the Bible. – A site dedicated to investigating questions about the Bible from the perspective of a homicide detective.